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Asking for equality for 100 years

1923

The National Women's Party introduces the Equal Rights Amendment into Congress.

"I never doubted that equal rights was the right direction. Most reforms, most problems are complicated. But to me there is nothing complicated about ordinary equality."     Alice Paul

2023

Republican US Senator Lisa Murkowski speaks to the Senate Judiciary hearing on the Equal Rights Amendment February 28, 2023

"Women should have equal treatment to men under the law and Congress should do all it can to ensure the ERA is finally made part of the Constitution—it is long overdue."

Lisa Murkowski, US Senator Alaska

1923—The ERA is introduced into Congress
 

1937—The first national women's organization, The Business and Professional Women, endorses the ERA
 

1940—Republican Party adds the ERA to their platform

 

1942--The Democratic Party adds the ERA to their platform
 

1946—The ERA is voted on in the Senate
 

1970-72—Over the objection of ERA proponents a seven year time limit is added to the resolving clause to get around objections of opponents lead by Senator Sam Ervin of North Carolina.


1972-The ERA passes Congress and is sent to the states for ratification

1973—Twenty-two states ratify

1977—Indiana becomes the 35th and final state to ratify

1978—Congress extends the deadline until 1982

June 30, 1982—the ERA fails by three states to achieve full ratification.

1997-- The legal opinion "Why the ERA Remains Legally Viable and Properly Before the States" is published.  The opinion outlines the legal rationale for a "Three States Strategy".

2001--The ERA Campaign Network publishes an opinion poll conducted by the Opinion Research Corporation that finds 96% of Americans believe women and men should have equal rights.

2001--Campaigns to ratify the ERA begin in several of the unratified states.

2002--4ERA is founded by Idella Moore and begins ratification efforts in states that never ratified the ERA.

2005--4ERA organizes and hosts first convention of ERA unratified states. Held in Atlanta Georgia on June 3-5.

2017--Nevada becomes the 36th state to ratify the ERA and the first state to ratify since 1977.

2018--Illinois ratifies the ERA.

2020--Virginia becomes the 38th state to ratify the ERA.  

Today 12 states have not ratified the ERA.  Theses states are Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Utah.

ERA Timeline

betty ford era

betty ford era

eramerica

eramerica

Coretta-Scott-King-Feminists

Coretta-Scott-King-Feminists

1977 women's conference poster

1977 women's conference poster

real men are feminists

real men are feminists

era MARCH TALLAHASSEE

era MARCH TALLAHASSEE

women's march era

women's march era

era with capitol dome

era with capitol dome

wilma mankiller_edited

wilma mankiller_edited

oklahoma era photo

oklahoma era photo

A1-Flags-and-Poles-Flags-State-Oklahoma-Flag-1A

A1-Flags-and-Poles-Flags-State-Oklahoma-Flag-1A

state flag of utah

state flag of utah

pat spearman_edited

pat spearman_edited

mississippi flag

mississippi flag

illinois ratifies lou lang_edited

illinois ratifies lou lang_edited

Flag_of_North_Carolina.svg

Flag_of_North_Carolina.svg

missouri state flag

missouri state flag

VA ratifies the ERA

VA ratifies the ERA

women's labor union pin

women's labor union pin

Woman with Headscarf

Woman with Headscarf

 Scales of Justice

Scales of Justice

women in the military_edited

women in the military_edited

4era round logo resized

4era round logo resized

era sally sharon stacy at the capitol

era sally sharon stacy at the capitol

Add a Title

Add a Title

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2243166_edited

Happy Young Girls

Happy Young Girls

disabled women

disabled women

AR_Flag

AR_Flag

flag of alabama

flag of alabama

arizona-state-flag_0

arizona-state-flag_0

state flag of florida

state flag of florida

georgia flag_edited

georgia flag_edited

LouisianaStateFlagRGBSmall

LouisianaStateFlagRGBSmall

mississippi flag

mississippi flag

missouri state flag

missouri state flag

A1-Flags-and-Poles-Flags-State-Oklahoma-Flag-1A

A1-Flags-and-Poles-Flags-State-Oklahoma-Flag-1A

state flag of utah

state flag of utah

south carolina state flag

south carolina state flag

state flag of utah

state flag of utah

ERA Quotes

1975

"In this Land of the Free, it is right, and by nature it ought to be, that all men and all women are equal before the law."

President Gerald R. Ford, Women's Equality Day August 26, 1975

1976

"The emotional, sexual, and psychological stereotyping of females begins when the doctor says: It's a girl."   Shirley Chisholm, NY Congresswoman and first Black woman to be elected to Congress

1982

"The time for equality in the United States of America is never ended, never defeated, never killed. And to suggest otherwise, to suggest that equality in this great country has a deadline of expiration, a date of finality, is to renounce the very values which are America."

Florida Governor Bob Graham, 1982
speaking at an ERA rally in Tallahassee, Florida

2001

"Isn't it wrong that in the year 2001 women still do not have equal treatment under the law? Isn't it wrong that the Equal Rights Amendment has floundered for so long? I am proud to stand here today as a man supporting equal rights for women. But it is also wrong that we still NEED to be here - fighting a fight that should have been won for our grandmothers." Sen. Jon Corzine, Friday, March 2, 2001

2004

"Despite pronouncements in the 1980s to the contrary, the Equal Rights Amendment is not dead. Actually, by all indications, the battle has heated up in recent years. "

from "Do We Still Need the ERA", May 6, 2004

2005

"We're making our case through public diplomacy, stating clearly and confidently our belief in self-determination, and the rule of law, and religious freedom, and equal rights for women, beliefs that are right and true in every land, and in every culture."

President George W. Bush speaking at the National Endowment for Democracy, October 2005.

More to come....

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